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Financial Transparency

The Financial Data Transparency Act (S. 4295) and  Financial Transparency Act (H.R. 2989) is a RegTech bill that seeks to unlock data in the financial regulatory sector.

The proposed law will direct the seven major U.S. financial regulatory agencies to adopt consistent data fields and formats for the information they already collect from industry under securities, commodities, and banking laws. The Financial Transparency Act directs financial regulatory agencies to make their reporting information that existing laws require available as open data — electronically searchable, downloadable in bulk, and without license restrictions.

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Most U.S. financial regulators do not use data standards to organize the information they collect from regulated entities. Regulators use inconsistent identifier codes for entities, instruments, and transactions. Too many financial regulatory filings are still collected as documents – paper, Portable Document Format (PDF) files, plain-text HTML – instead of using structured data formats. 

This is a problem because when regulators collect and disclose information in, say, the ubiquitous PDF, they create substantially more work for those who want to use it – investors, markets, tech companies, and even the regulators’ own staff.

PDFs are human-friendly, they look the same on your computer screen as they do when they’re printed out. But they lock valuable data away from the user, making large-scale data analysis and parsing nearly impossible. It’s really easy to turn structured data into a PDF, but time intensive to turn a PDF into structured data.

Inconsistent data fields and formats hurt regulated entities, too. If regulators specified predictable data standards, software could help public companies, banks, and financial firms automate their compliance tasks by pulling information automatically from internal systems. Without data standards, automation isn’t possible.

Data standards would make regulatory filings more transparent, useful, and efficient – for everyone who generates, collects, and uses the information they contain.

Regulatory filings should use consistent identifier codes for entities and other concepts, allowing firms to quantify exposure to an entity or product, markets to aggregate all data on a given entity, and regulators to avoid Madoff-style silo failures. Regulatory filings should also use structured data formats so that data flows into databases without manual re-entry. Structured data formats would allow filers to automate disclosure, markets to digest financial information cheaply reducing filers’ costs of capital, and regulators to use analytics to find fraud, risk, and irregularities.

In the same way that the DATA Act of 2014 is transforming government spending, the Financial Transparency Act will transform financial regulatory reporting.


Data Standardization to Empower RegTech

Directs seven of the major U.S. financial regulatory agencies to adopt consistent data standards for all of the information they collect from industry under existing securities, commodities, and banking laws. Each agency must adopt electronic fields and formats to replace document-based forms, following the lead of the U.S. Treasury Department where applicable. 

Once financial regulatory reporting is expressed as standardized, open data instead of disconnected documents, RegTech applications will be empowered to republish, analyze, and automate.

Adopting the Legal Entity Identifier

Directs the Treasury Department to adopt data standards for concepts that reach across multiple regulators, and requires the regulators to follow Treasury’s instructions. Specifically mandates the adoption of an open, non-proprietary legal entity identifier such as the global Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) across the major financial regulatory reporting regimes, to allow easy matching of filings from the same entity with multiple regulators.

Once every financial regulatory agency uses a non-proprietary legal entity to identify the companies and firms it regulates, these entities will be automatically identifiable across separate reporting regimes – bringing instant transparency for markets and investors.

Open Data Publication

For information that existing laws already require to be published, requires agencies to make such information available online as open data — electronically searchable, downloadable in bulk, and without license restrictions.

Once this public information is consistently available as open data, information companies and investors will be able to harvest it to empower better decisions.


    Financial Transparency Act 

    The video above provides an overview of the Financial Transparency Act. Watch it to learn how this bill will transform financial regulation by giving investors, regulators, and the financial industry easy access to actionable data for analysis and decision-making.


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