On December 30, 2019, the President signed the Grant Reporting Efficiency and Agreements Transparency (GREAT) Act of 2019 (P.L. 116-103) into law. The bipartisan GREAT Act transforms federal grant reporting for the modern era by directing federal agencies to modernize and improve grantee reporting.

Recipients of federal grants include school districts, fire departments, police stations, hospitals, food banks, homeless shelters, job training centers, water treatment facilities, along with a host of other non-profit and governmental services. When fully implemented, the application of data standards in the GREAT Act will help provide decision-makers with critical information about grantee performance and ensure grantees can spend less time on reporting and more time delivering services that benefit society.

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  1. Reduces Costs: Reduce compliance costs for reporting from grantees by enabling improved automation and application of new technology,
  2. Improves Efficiency: Improve the efficiency of reporting requirements for government, businesses, and non-profits.
  3. Enhances Management: Enhance grant management with higher quality data on activities funded with taxpayer dollars.
  4. Encourages New Technologies: Encourage the development of new technologies to drive further efficiency.

The GREAT Act will lead to improved oversight of federal funding, greater transparency about how funds are used, and enhanced capabilities to compare grantees with interoperable information.


At the Data Foundation’s Data Transparency 2017, on September 26th, 2017, Congresswoman Virginia Foxx (NC-5-R) announced that she will introduce legislation to adopt a government-wide open data structure for all federal grant reporting. Watch her full remarks above.


  • On December 31, 2019, the Data Coalition issued a press release announcing the President signed the GREAT Act into law
  • One page GREAT Act summary.